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No. 3. Watt’s steam engine

Bild   •   Aug 13, 2019 08:24 CEST

In 1764 James Watt (1736-1819) was commissioned to repair the model of Thomas Newcomen’s steam engine, and immediately realised that a large part of the heat was lost from the cylinder after each cycle. To minimize energy loss by heating and cooling the cylinder, he introduced the condenser and the steam jacket. By transferring the cooling process from the cylinder to a separate condenser in the Watt steam engine, the coal consumption could be reduced by over 60%. It was not until 1769 when James Watt obtained his first British patent (No. 913).
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